山西崇福寺:朔州大地上的历史见证者

2012年10月25日 17:04   来源:国际在线   


 Cincinnati Enquirer 等近300家国外媒体转载《崇福寺:朔州大地上的历史见证者》新闻

  山西省朔州市崇福寺坐落在朔城区东大街,紧临闹市,交通便利,是国务院批准的重点文物保护单位。该寺坐北朝南,布局严整,共有五进院落,十座殿堂。自山门由南向北有金刚殿、钟楼、鼓楼、千佛阁、文殊殿、地藏殿、大雄殿、弥陀殿和观音殿,占地达23400平方米,是一座规模完整、宏伟壮丽的古代建筑。

  历史价值

  崇福寺始建于唐麟德二年(665年),由鄂国公尉迟敬德奉敕建造。后经历朝历代不断修缮、扩建,规模愈发宏伟壮观。其主殿弥陀殿于金熙宗皇统三年(1143年)建,至今已有800多年的历史,至为可贵,是我国现存辽金时代三大佛殿之一。

  建筑价值

  崇福寺主殿弥陀殿是寺内最大的建筑,也是崇福寺的精华所在。为了扩大内部空间面积,当时的匠人们采用减柱法建筑,此乃国内孤例,堪称一绝。同时,从殿顶的琉璃脊饰、斗拱匾额、隔扇门窗、梁架结构,再到殿内的塑像、背光、壁画等都是金代的原物,一直保存至今,实为难得,被专家称为“金代文化艺术殿堂”。此外,崇福寺还存有许多价值不菲的文物,如北魏的千佛石塔。

  如今,崇福寺以其古朴巍峨的雄姿,再现于朔州大地,继续见证着时代的变化与发展。

  路线:由北京出发,可乘火车经过8小时30分钟到达朔州,赴朔城区东大街94号。

  Chongfu Temple, located in the East Street of New City in Shuozhou City, Shanxi Province, close to downtown area, with convenient traffic, is the key units of cultural relics preservation approved by the State Council. The temple rides north to south in neat layout with five courtyards and ten palaces totally. There stands Hall of King Kong, Bell Tower, Drum Tower, Qianfo Ge, Manjusri Hall, Possession Temple, Daxiong Duan, Amitabha Hall and Goddess of Mercy Temple from the south to the north of gate, covering an area of 23,400 square meters, which form such a complete-scale and magnificent ancient architecture.

  Historical Value

  Chongfu Temple was built in second years of Tang Lin (year of 665) by E Guogong(royal nobility title)Weichijingde under the imperial order. Through renovation and expansion in successive dynasties, its scale becomes more and more magnificent. The main hall Amitabha Hall was set up in the third year of Jinxizong Huangtong (1143), with a history of more than 800 years. As one of the existing Three Big Buddha Hall in Liao and Jin era, it presents its very important historical value.

  Architectural Value

  The main hall Amitabha Hall is the largest building in the temple, which embodies the essence of Chongfu Temple. In order to expand the inner space, the craftsmen at that time adopted minus column building, which was unique as the domestic isolated case. Additionally, whether the colored glaze ridge decorations, brackets, plaque-free bar, partition board doors and windows, beam structure on the top to the statue or backlights and wall paintings inside are all original articles from Jin era. They have been preserved until now and rarely to see today, being called “Cultural Palace of Art in Jin Era” by experts. Furthermore, there are many valuable cultural relics such as Thousand-buddha Stone Pagoda of Northern Wei Dynasty.

  Nowadays Chongfu Temple, with its unsophisticated and lofty appearance, reappears in the earth of Shuozhou City, keeping on witnessing the changing and developing times.

  Route: Start from Beijing, arrive at Shuozhou City after 8.5 hours by train and go to #94 of East Street of New City.

(责任编辑:王冰洁)

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